Author: František Turnovec

Abstract: The European Union (EU) is not de jure a federation, but after 50 years of institutional evolution it possesses attributes of a federal state. One can conclude that EU is “something between” federation and intergovernmental organization. If we measure “something between” by interval [0, 1], where 0 means fully intergovernmental organization and 1 means de facto federation, the questions are: What is the location of recent EU on this interval? What tendency of development of this location can be observed in time? In this paper we propose such a measure based on game-theoretical model of European Union decision making system.

Keywords: Co-decision procedure-committee system-consultation procedure-European Union decision making federation-intergovernmental organization-qualified majority-power indices-simple voting committee

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