Abstract: The author emphasized to analyze the relations between Romania’s European integration and transformations of political system. The main concluding observation is that European integration produces a national consensus around this objective. The effects of the integration modernization mechanisms’ variable geometry over Romania can be easily acknowledged: modernization was achieved faster and more profoundly in areas where a bureaucratic monitoring mechanism existed, where a form of communitarian acquis was present, and much slower in the space of “national sovereignty”. The party system did not witness a qualitatively radical transformation as a result of the European Union influences. After Romania’s accession to the European Union, “Brussels” quickly lost its influencing capacity over the Romanian political space.
Keywords: European Union, modernization, political parties, political system, Romania
Europeanization and Domestic Change.Territorial Adaptation in Eastern Europe:The Romanian Experience
Author: Irina Pop
Abstract: In the context of the contemporary dynamics of the European integration process, Europeanization asserts itself not only as an intriguing object of scientific inquiry, but also as a relevant issue for both member states of the European Union and candidate countries. Associated with the idea of change induced by the “European” influence, the Europeanization process affects, to a various extent, both institutions and policy fields. Based on the Europeanizationresearch framework, this paper will discuss the impact of European integration on territorial adaptation- at the regionallevel- in Eastern Europe, in connection to a case study- the Romanian one. As it is the case of other East European countries,the specificity of the Romanian regional system that emerged at the end of the ’90s is primarily explained with reference to the efforts of “adjusting to Europe”, in light of the accession to the European Union. Based upon a cost- benefit decision, i.e.fulfilling the requirements in order to ensure access to European financial resources, the current regional system in Romaniais formed of “statistical” regions having little perspectives of becoming the reference point of a further territorial-administrative reorganization.
Keywords: Eastern Europe, Europeanization, Regional policy, Regional actors, Romania
Author:Alina BÂRGĂOANU & Roxana Maria DASCĂLU
AbstractThe paper seeks to analyze the complexity of the process of Europeanization by presenting the most famousapproaches in the literature, its typologies and mechanisms, as well as its effects. This theoretical framework is furtherapplied to the case of Regional and Cohesion Policy. The paper’s hypothesis consists in the following logic: theimplementation of the Regional and Cohesion Policy by member states’ administration is subject to mechanisms ofEuropeanization which trigger specific effects. In order to test this hypothesis, mechanisms of Europeanization are analyzedfor the case of EU Regional and Cohesion Policy implementation. The next step consists of observing which of the effects ofEuropeanization presented in the theoretical framework are encountered in Romania, due to the EU requirements ofimplementing the Regional and Cohesion Policy. The conclusion shows that the Regional and Cohesion Policy definitely issubject to mechanisms of Europeanization, that the requirements for its implementation trigger change in the memberstates’ administrations (and even larger social groups) and, in Romania’s case, it has specific effects.
Keywords: effects of Europeanization, Europeanization, mechanisms of Europeanization, Regional and Cohesion structural instruments
Author: Dorin I. DOLGHI
Abstract: In the past years there are an increasing number of attitudes and events that suggest a chronic need for a better communication between European Union and its citizens. One of the main issues concerns the perception, among citizens, of a lack of legitimacy and transparency of EU and its institutions. In order to identify and analyze some of the causes, we suggest that an important variable that should be considered is the communication strategy of the EU. In this article we explore some interpretations of legitimacy that can be associated to the perception of EU’s institutions among the European citizens and the main points expressed by the European Commission with regard on the Communication Strategy.