Author: Claudiu-Laurenţiu ŢABREA
The present study aims to explain and analyze this new pattern within the security studies – the security governance – into a descriptive and interpretative manner and suggests it as an alternative for solving and managing the security issues, the risks and threats that are much more diverse and complex in the current international system. The Security Governance is a recent approach, still in an evolving phase, which determined its appearance in the specialists’ debates in the context of globalization, actually combining the concept of security (understood in its broadest sense) with the notion of governance. To show the applicability of this new approach, we have focused on a case study, analysing the level reached by the security governance in the Wider Black Sea Area on two dimensions: the security sector within the littoral states and the regional level.
Author: Thierry Brugvin
There is an influence, a dialectic relation between the strength of ideas, public powers and economic forces (institutions, economic elites, financial capital and production forces). In this context, we are analyzing the mechanisms of uneven, illegal and non-democratic governance. The state often serves the interests of the ETN, mainly for reasons of national energy independence. The elites accumulating economic and political power – in particular the banking elites and institutions – endanger democracy. Moreover, professional associations (lobbies) sometimes have a stronger influence on the elected officials than the electors themselves. Finally, the behavior of the elites is due on the one hand to the psychosociological dimension relating to the need for power (more or less repressed). On the other hand, relating to the social pressure exercised by their pairs and to imitation, it is due to isomorphism as a way of remaining faithful to the practices of one’s own environment, culture and codes.
Keywords: non-democracy, elites, governance, illegality, psycho-sociology
Author: Gavril Preda
Abstract: Globalization as a multidimensional process has a great impact upon the contemporary economic, social, political and cultural problems. The trend of the extension and deepening of the interdependencies among national states isdetermining the extension of the problems from the internal level towards the international sphere having impact on theprocess of governance. It emphasizes the strong bond between the economic dimension of globalization and the political methods and instruments of intervention pertaining to governance. The analysis of the concepts of governed, governance and good governance is made in relation with the impact of the economic globalization.
Keywords: good governance, globalization, governance,governing
Author: Constantin Hlihor
Abstract: The European political environment has suffered core transformation after the collapse of communism in the field of European reconstruction & public policies and has extended its values towards the area behind the Iron Curtain. From this perspective, multi-level governance and security policy are by far the most important. This study tries to answer the following questions: How will the actors of multi-level governance succeed in being real partners of the state in providing security for the citizen and for the society, in general? Do the actors dispose of the same instruments and resources within this complex interacting system? Can the principles of good governance
be applied to a social dimension like security? The issues of legitimacy and power of all these actors will also be a analyzed.
Keywords:governance, governance actors, energy security, security, privatization of security
Governance through conformation: Case study regarding the mode of the reformation of the Central Public Administration from the Republic of Moldova
Author: Nicolae Toderaş
The article offers a case study regarding the conformation of the central authorities from Moldova to the previsions/conditions of the EU- Republic of Moldova Action Plan – EUMAP regarding the improvement of the administrative capacity. The study case enlightens the aspect that, giving the fact that the Action Plan does not impose a judicialconditioning, but guides itself after a set of voluntary conformations, the central public authorities from Moldova areconstrained to produce systemic and structural reforms with a view to the governance’s principles. The case studydemonstrates that the fault of the political volition, identifies through a viable path dependence in the domain of theaccession to the EU, facilitates a context of elusion from the utilization of the principles of governance in the consolidation ofthe internal administrative capacity and in the realization of the central public administration (CPA) reform.
Keywords: governance, Moldova, central public authorities, reform, EUMAP
Author: Grigore Silaşi, Ioana Vădăşan
The European Union is a governance model, in today’s more and more opened world, and will have an increasingly important role on the international stage, in order to achieve world-wide efficient governance. In this paper, authors approach the governance concept, and the European Union as a multi-level system of governance. We present the different actors that can influence the European governance system, and study the way different major events had influenced the European governance. The authors will also link the policies to the European Union governance and instruments, in the attempt of showing that the EU is governed through the policy-making process. The governance in the EU is all the time-associated to the intergovernmental conferences model, where the states keep their prerogatives, as well as to the supranational model, where a part of the states sovereignty is delegated to the EU. The EU governance model is one of the stakes of influence fights among different European institutions: the Parliament, the Commission and the Council of Ministers. The Parliament, the only direct elected body by the citizens, has obtained, during the EU history, an increased importance in the EU governance. From a simple consultative body, at the beginning, it has obtained a real co-decision power, on a par with the Council of Ministers, in many issues.
Keywords:decision-making process,European Union,governance,institutions, policies