Author: Tania Joufi
European Territorial Cooperation and, therefore, cross-border cooperation at EU level has gained importance with the accession of states from Eastern Europe, becoming a major concern on the EU agenda. The analysis and evaluation of CBC (Cross-Border Cooperation) programs attended by Romania during 2007-2013 represents the topic of this research paper, in order to form an overall picture of the functioning of the cross-border cooperation both between EU Member States and with non-member states which are in the close vicinity. The research focuses on three main goals: evaluating the process of cooperation in the border region Romania-Hungary over the 2007-2013 period, determining the evolution of the CBC Regional Office from Oradea in this programming period, determining the effectiveness of cross-border cooperation of Romania with non-member states in order to observe their proximity to EU policies. Concerning the methodological framework, we followed a process of documenting the subject matter using qualitative research, so the interview, analysis of documents, observation or interpretation of the results were the most important instruments used, and the research methods used consisted in the CIPP Model and in The Success Case Study Method.
Author: Eleanor E. Zeff & Ellen B. Pirro
Abstract: This paper explores the nature of success in EU transport policy implementation in three of the newer Eastern member states, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Romania, to see how their governments and administrations are integrating with the European Union. It utilizes the concept of Europeanization (as used by the European Union) to examine how multi level governance works for this one sector of policy implementation. In particular, we focus on supra national, national and regional inputs and development to explain how these nations are integrating their transport sectors within their nations and with the European Union. Our case histories show three different stages of transport sector development: the great progress in the Czech Republic; the plans and programs created by Slovakia with the European Union which should bring notable success within the next five years; and the initial stages of Romania’s efforts in the transport area.
Key words: European Union, multi-level governance, Romania, Slovakia, transport policy
Author: Petre Prisecaru
The main contribution to the concept of multilevel governance was brought by neoinstitutionalism. The advocates of multilevel governance which have similar views with the advocates of network governance concept identified two dimensions: a political one and a social one and also two major phenomena: a)the transfer of sovereignty or competences from national level to supranational level; b)the application of subsidiarity principle which involves the decentralization of decision making process. A lot of definitions, meanings and interpretations have been set for governance, but World Bank and European Commission definitions are maybe the most suitable ones for understanding and characterizing this concept.Multilevel governance represents a distinctive type of governance and can be characterized by three attributes: a) non-hierarchical institutional design b) non-majoritarian mode of decision making, c) dynamic dispersion of authority. Bob Jessophas identified three major phenomena specific to the evolution of national states which are members of EuropeanCommunity: a) the de-nationalization of territorial statehood; b) de-statalization of political system; c) internationalizationof policy regimes. Postwar Keynesian welfare national state which was more interventionist and used demand side policieswas replaced in the 80’s by Schumpeterian workfare post-national regime, which is more liberal and less interventionist, andfocuses on supply side policies. The three governance methods – Community method, Open Method of Coordination and Enhanced Cooperation – reflect how different policies are elaborated and implemented at EU level and at national level based on different institutional arrangements and multilevel governance and its fundamental principle: subsidiarity.
Key words: multi-level governance, jurisdictions, European Union, decentralization, suprantionalism