Author: Eleanor E. Zeff & Ellen B. Pirro
Abstract: This paper explores the nature of success in EU transport policy implementation in three of the newer Eastern member states, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Romania, to see how their governments and administrations are integrating with the European Union. It utilizes the concept of Europeanization (as used by the European Union) to examine how multi level governance works for this one sector of policy implementation. In particular, we focus on supra national, national and regional inputs and development to explain how these nations are integrating their transport sectors within their nations and with the European Union. Our case histories show three different stages of transport sector development: the great progress in the Czech Republic; the plans and programs created by Slovakia with the European Union which should bring notable success within the next five years; and the initial stages of Romania’s efforts in the transport area.
Key words: European Union, multi-level governance, Romania, Slovakia, transport policy
Author: Alina Bârgăoanu,Roxana Maria Dascălu
The article starts from the idea that the absorption of the Structural Instruments and of the rural development
related funds available for Romania in the 2007-2013 has become nearly an “obsession”. This – among other things–is a source of blindness to other European funds, the so-called Community Programmes. The rate of participation of Romanian institutions to such programmes is rather low, which has some far-reaching effects. The case is analyzed against the theoretical framework provided by theories, mechanisms and effects of Europeanization.
Keywords: Community Programmes, Regional and Cohesion Policy Europeanization, Romania, Structural Instruments, thematic policies
Abstract: The article is a historical and sociological study aiming to outline the shaping of the Kurdish diaspora in Europe throughout the 20th century. Considering the situation of a community recently created, the one of the Kurds in Romania,and based upon field research, the present study is investigating the causes of the Kurdish immigration in Romania, the time periods of maximum flow, the placement areas, the level of adaptation to the Romanian society, the level of conservation oftheir original identity and the relations with the authorities and the Romanian society. Our research has revealed the double orientation of the Kurds in Romania – one towards the country of origin and the other towards the host country – a feature which determines their perception in a wider context – that of the Kurdish diaspora symbolizing a social organization equally linked to the country of origin and to the host country. This perspective is providing the opportunity for a deeper outlook upon the social reality of the Kurds’ existence
Abstract: The author emphasized to analyze the relations between Romania’s European integration and transformations of political system. The main concluding observation is that European integration produces a national consensus around this objective. The effects of the integration modernization mechanisms’ variable geometry over Romania can be easily acknowledged: modernization was achieved faster and more profoundly in areas where a bureaucratic monitoring mechanism existed, where a form of communitarian acquis was present, and much slower in the space of “national sovereignty”. The party system did not witness a qualitatively radical transformation as a result of the European Union influences. After Romania’s accession to the European Union, “Brussels” quickly lost its influencing capacity over the Romanian political space.
Keywords: European Union, modernization, political parties, political system, Romania
Europeanization and Domestic Change.Territorial Adaptation in Eastern Europe:The Romanian Experience
Author: Irina Pop
Abstract: In the context of the contemporary dynamics of the European integration process, Europeanization asserts itself not only as an intriguing object of scientific inquiry, but also as a relevant issue for both member states of the European Union and candidate countries. Associated with the idea of change induced by the “European” influence, the Europeanization process affects, to a various extent, both institutions and policy fields. Based on the Europeanizationresearch framework, this paper will discuss the impact of European integration on territorial adaptation- at the regionallevel- in Eastern Europe, in connection to a case study- the Romanian one. As it is the case of other East European countries,the specificity of the Romanian regional system that emerged at the end of the ’90s is primarily explained with reference to the efforts of “adjusting to Europe”, in light of the accession to the European Union. Based upon a cost- benefit decision, i.e.fulfilling the requirements in order to ensure access to European financial resources, the current regional system in Romaniais formed of “statistical” regions having little perspectives of becoming the reference point of a further territorial-administrative reorganization.
Keywords: Eastern Europe, Europeanization, Regional policy, Regional actors, Romania